Montana agricultural statistics show increases in production, prices
July 19, 2012
Based on July 1 crop conditions, Montana's all wheat production is expected to be 180.3 million bushels, up 3 percent from last year, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Montana Field Office. The area for harvest for all wheat is expected to be 5.5 million acres, up 11 percent from last year. Winter wheat production is forecast to be 81.3 million bushels, down 9 percent from last year. Winter wheat yield is forecast to be 38.0 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from the previous forecast and down 3 bushels from last year.
The first spring wheat production forecast is 85.5 million bushels, up 15 percent from last year's production. The expected yield of 30.0 bushels per acre is down 1 bushel from last year. The harvested acres are expected to be 2.85 million acres, up 450,000 acres from last year. For the week ending July 8th, the spring wheat crop was 61 percent headed compared with 19 percent last year and 38 percent for the five-year average. Durum wheat production is forecast to be 13.5 million bushels, up 25 percent from last year. The expected yield of 26.0 bushels per acre is down 2 bushels from last year. Harvested acreage is expected to be 520,000 acres, up 135,000 acres from 2011.
Barley yields are expected to average 49.0 bushels per acre in 2012, 1 bushel below last year. Barley production is forecast to be 39.2 million bushels compared with 31.0 million bushels last year. Growers expect to harvest 800,000 acres, up 180,000 acres from 2011. Barley crop progress is well ahead of last year, with 98 percent reaching boot stage and 74 percent headed by the week ending July 8th. Oat growers expect to produce 1.10 million bushels of grain, 100,000 bushels above last year. The 2012 harvested acreage is expected to be 20,000 acres, unchanged from 2011. The expected yield of 55.0 bushels per acre is 5 bushels above last year's yield.
Dry edible pea producers in Montana planted 250,000 acres, which if realized would be the highest planted acres on record, up 60,000 acres from a year ago and up 15,000 acres from the March forecast. Producers are expecting to harvest 235,000 acres, which if realized would be the highest harvested acres on record. Austrian winter pea producers planted 11,000 acres, up 2,000 acres from the March forecast and up 1,000 acres from the previous year. Producers expect to harvest 5,000 acres, 1,000 acres below last year. Lentil growers planted 200,000 acres this year, down 60,000 acres from last year and down 20,000 acres from the March forecast. Producers expect to harvest 190,000 acres, down 57,000 acres from last year. Montana potato producers planted 12,000 acres in 2012, 300 above last year. Producers expect to harvest 11,700 acres, 200 acres above last year. The first forecast of potato production will be on November 9, 2012.
During the April-June 2012 quarter, Montana had 14,000 milk cows which produced 76 million pounds of milk compared with 14,000 milk cows and 72 million pounds of milk produced during the same quarter in 2011, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Montana Field Office.
May 2012 full-month crop prices were mostly lower when compared with April 2012, according to USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Montana Field Office. Montana's winter wheat price decreased $0.12 to $6.86 per bushel, spring wheat increased $0.67 to $8.47 per bushel and durum wheat decreased $1.90 to $10.40 per bushel. Feed barley decreased $0.72 from the previous month to $4.65 per bushel and malt barley decreased $0.54 to $5.61 per bushel. The all milk price was $16.10 in May 2012, compared with $16.40 in April 2012, and $15.90 at mid-month June 2012.
The mid-June price for alfalfa hay was up by $10.00 from May to $113.00 per ton, but all other hay was unchanged at $99.00 per ton. The mid-June price for all wheat was lower than May at $7.29 per bushel, winter wheat was down to $6.61 per bushel, and all barley was lower at $5.21 per bushel.
Montana slaughter plants produced 16.1 million pounds, dressed weight, of red meat during 2011, down 8 percent from 2010. There were 19,800 cattle slaughtered during 2011, down 1,800 head from the previous year. The total live weight, of 23.2 million pounds, was down 9 percent from a year earlier. The average live weight was down 11 pounds to 1,170 pounds.
There were 13,300 hogs slaughtered in Montana, down 1 percent from 2010. Total live weight, of 3.3 million pounds, was down 2 percent from last year. The average live weight was 245 pounds per head compared with 246 the previous year. Sheep slaughter amounted to 3,700 head, down 300 head from 2010. In 2011, the total live weight of all sheep and lambs slaughtered decreased 49,000 pounds from 2010 to 361,000 pounds. The average live weight, of 97 pounds, was 6 pounds lower than the previous year.
The number of federally inspected slaughter plants in Montana on January 1, 2012 was 7, unchanged from 2011. There were 144 non-federally inspected plants on January 1, 2012, up 3 plants from the same date a year ago.
Meat, Milk, and Poultry Production, Disposition and Income
Cash receipts from the sale of cattle and calves in Montana during 2011 were up 11 percent from 2010 to $1.2 billion. Marketings of cattle weighing 500 lbs or more, at 1.3 million head, were down slightly from 2010. Marketings of calves weighing less than 500 lbs decreased 16 percent from the previous year to 211,000 head.
Cash receipts from the sale of hogs in Montana increased 26 percent from 2010 to $58.9 million. Marketings of hogs and pigs rose 1 percent from the previous year to 432,100 head.
Montana's dairies produced 288.0 million pounds of milk in 2011, down 1 percent from 2010. There was an average of 14,000 milk cows on farms and ranches during the year, unchanged from the previous year. The average number of pounds produced per cow in 2011 was 20,571 pounds, 1 percent below 2010.
Cash receipts from marketings of milk during the year in Montana were $56.3 million dollars, up 17 percent from 2010. Producers received an average of $19.90 per cwt, an increase of $3.00 per cwt from last year. Total marketings of milk, at 283 million pounds, were down 1 percent from a year ago. A total of 5 million pounds of milk were used on farms and ranches, unchanged from 2010. Of the total, 3 million pounds were fed to calves and 2 million pounds were consumed as milk, cream, and butter.
Montana's value of egg production in 2011 was $7.6 million, up 14 percent from last year. Egg production in 2011 totaled 119 million eggs, unchanged from the previous year.
Montana honey producers with five or more colonies during 2011 produced 13.3 million pounds of honey, up 15 percent from 2010, according to USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Montana Field Office. The estimate of honey production includes production by colonies that were in the state for part of the year. There were 145,000 colonies producing honey in 2011, compared with 157,000 colonies in 2010. The honey yield per colony was 92 pounds, up 18 pounds from a year ago. Honey stocks on December 15, 2011 were 3.2 million pounds, up from 2.9 million pounds in 2010.
Montana honey prices increased $0.06 from 2010 to $1.64 per pound in 2011, setting a new record high. The 2011 value of honey production was $21.9 million dollars, up 19 percent from last year due to higher prices and production.